Health impact of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) and poor nutrition foods
Health impact of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS)
Health impact of high fat, sugar and salt (HFSS) foods and drink. The evidence on the link between consumption of HFSS foods and increased risk and incidence of certain diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, certain cancers as well as contributing to high levels of obesity both for children and adults. Poor nutrition has a significant impact on health. It affects noncommunicable diseases, such as obesity, dental caries, cardiovascular disease and some cancers, as well as immune status and recovery from infection and common deficiencies like anemia, children and young people are overweight or obese. The effects of poor nutrition on non-communicable diseases build up throughout the life course. Food habits and taste develop at an early age. Childhood nutrition is affected by a wide range of factors.
 WHO. Guideline: Salt intake for adults and children. Geneva, World Health Organization (WHO), 2012.
 Strazzullo P et al. Salt intake, stroke, and cardiovascular disease: meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ 2009;339:b4567
 Johnson, Rachel K et al. Dietary Sugars Intake and Cardiovascular Health. A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. 2009.
 Mozaffarian D, Hao T, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Hu FB. Changes in diet and lifestyle and long-term weight gain in women and men. N Engl J Med. 2011; 364(25):2392-2404.
 Malik VS, Willett WC, Hu FB. Sugar-sweetened beverages and BMI in children and adolescents: reanalyses of a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009; 89(1):438-440.
 Bibbins-Domingo K, Chertow GM, Coxson PG et al. Projected effect of dietary salt reductions on future cardiovascular disease. New Eng J Med, 2010; 362(7):590–599.
 Aburto NJ et al. Effect of lower salt intake on health: systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ 2013; 346:f1326.
 Tate DF, Turner-McGrievy G, Lyons E, et al. Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: main results of the Choose Healthy Options Consciously Everyday (CHOICE) randomized clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012; 95(3): 555-563.
 Scarborough, P et al. Differences in coronary heart disease, stroke and cancer mortality rates between England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: the role of diet and nutrition. BMJopen. 2011 Nov 3; 1(1):e000263
Copyright (c) 2016 Acta Medica Scientia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
A) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
B) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
C) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).