Dermatoglyphic characterization of Blood groups and its relevance to oral diseases-An in vivo Study
Background: Dermatoglyphics have proven to be an extremely useful tool to characterize various health and disease states, through decades of scientific research, the hand has come to be recognized as a powerful tool in the diagnosis of psychological, medical and congenital disorders. Aim: To determine if there is any significant co-relation between various blood groups and dermatoglyphic patterns. Settings and Design: In the present study Dermatoglyphic patterns of sixty subjects divided into 4 groups(A,AB,B,O) of 15 each were evaluated using Cummins and Midlo method and were correlated with predetermined blood groups .Methods and Material: The dermatoglyphic patterns of all individuals 10 palmar digits were recorded using stamp-pad method and the frequency of occurrence of type of dermatoglyphic pattern on fingertip of each digit was analysed.. Statistical Analysis: Data was subjected to statistical analysis and correlation of dermatoglyphic pattern with blood group was determined using chi sq test.Results and Conclusion:Whorls were highest in A blood group and lowest in B blood group, Loops were highest in O blood group and the difference was significant in AB blood group, Arches were highest in B and lowest in A blood group.
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