Physicochemical and Phytochemical Analysis of Vitellaria paradoxa Nut in Selected Districts in Kebbi State, Nigeria
Selected shea nut fat extracts were subjected to physicochemical and qualitative phytochemical analysis and showed the following results; Saponification values mgKOH/g; 141.650.40c 166.1 0.80ab, 169.791.29a, Iodine values I2/100g; 51.170.18c,53.540.39a,51.780.26b, Acid values mgKOH/g; 15.52 1.62a, 14.26 0.33b, 7.520.33a, Free fatty acids mg/g; 5.040.05b, 4.20 0.04bc, 7.520.33a, and Specific gravities; 0.94 0.02a, 0.96 0.03a, 0.930.01a both for Illo, Kwanga and Kwere samples respectively. Phytochemical qualitatively determined inclules; cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, steroids and terpenoids for Illo, Kwanga and Kwere samples respectively. The results showed various probable uses of the fats extracts including domestic and industrial.
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