Physicochemical and Phytochemical Analysis of Vitellaria paradoxa Nut in Selected Districts in Kebbi State, Nigeria

  • Ukpanukpong, R. U Biochemistry Department, College of Natural Sciences, Joseph Ayo Babalola University P.M.B 5006 Ikeji-Arakeji Osun State
Keywords: Shea nuts, fat extracts, physicochemical and phytochemicals

Abstract

Selected shea nut fat extracts were subjected to physicochemical  and qualitative phytochemical analysis and showed the following results; Saponification values mgKOH/g; 141.650.40c 166.1   0.80ab, 169.791.29a, Iodine values I2/100g; 51.170.18c,53.540.39a,51.780.26b, Acid values mgKOH/g; 15.52  1.62a, 14.26  0.33b, 7.520.33a, Free fatty acids mg/g; 5.040.05b, 4.20   0.04bc,  7.520.33a, and Specific gravities; 0.94   0.02a, 0.96   0.03a, 0.930.01a both for Illo, Kwanga and Kwere samples respectively. Phytochemical qualitatively determined inclules; cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, steroids and  terpenoids  for Illo, Kwanga and Kwere samples respectively. The results showed various probable uses of the fats extracts including domestic and industrial.

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Article Information
Received: 2017-04-29
Published: 2017-05-11

Issue: Vol 2 No 7 (2016): JABBR

Section: Original Articles

Pages: 28-30